The state is among the highest-cost mining regions in the nation.
But the amount of work done by the mining industry has dropped from around 1,800 jobs in 2015 to about 300 in 2018, according to the US Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics.
The industry also has fewer employees, but there are still many mining jobs that pay well.
In the first quarter of 2018, the federal government paid out $2.7 billion in wage subsidies to miners, according the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
The mining industry’s share of the US workforce is growing by about 15 percent each year, according a 2017 report from the Brookings Institution.
In 2018, more than half of US workers made more than $75,000 a year.
That’s a big boost for those workers, but it’s also a sign that the mining boom may be slowing.
In the first half of 2018 the mining workforce made up roughly 10 percent of the labor force, down from 12.4 percent in the same quarter of last year, said David E. Shulman, an economist at George Mason University.
“While the industry has grown, so has its share of national employment, which is now just above 5 percent,” Shulmann said.
The boom in the mining sector has coincided with a boom in coal mining.
Coal was once the nation’s top export, but with the shale boom in Texas and other parts of the country, it’s no longer.
Coal production has fallen, and mining jobs are more likely to be in the services sector, where the jobs pay a premium.
According to the Bureau in May 2018, only 2.5 percent of US jobs were in mining, down about one-third from a decade ago.
Even though the economy has boomed, there’s still a big gap between the demand for workers and the supply of workers.
The US mining industry had roughly 25 million workers in 2018 and has only a little more than 7 million.
The federal government has been giving out $6 billion in aid to states and localities that are building coal-dependent communities.
That funding helps create a lot of new jobs in places like western Kentucky, where coal mines once thrived.
But the coal industry still faces major challenges.
The Appalachian coal industry was one of the hardest hit in the US by the coal-mining industry downturn, as the region is the second-most reliant on coal in the country.
Many people still have trouble finding a job.
But coal is coming back.
The Trump administration announced this month that it would revive a coal mine in Pennsylvania that was mothballed after a long decline.
The coal industry has a plan to restart its operations in western Kentucky by the end of 2019.